The secrets of Antarctica: Under eternal ice they have found a variety of colors

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Australian scientists lowered an underwater camera through a hole to the bottom of the ocean and recorded the unusual underwater world.

The underwater robot filmed rare and amazing Antarctic underwater images revealing a colorful underwater world full of algae, sea sponges, sea stars … The video was made using a camera that was lowered through a hole in the ice to capture seawater data in that area.

Glenn Johnstone, one of the scientists, says that when it comes to Antarctica, we usually talk about life on the surface, and these recordings show that under the ice there is a dynamic environment of marine life. These species live in seawater year-round, with temperatures not exceeding -1 degree, and are covered by ice that is one and a half meters thick 10 months a year.

According to scientists, it is this thick ice sheet that protects these undersea species from destruction, but also from the dangers lurking on the surface, such as deadly snowstorms.

The most mysterious continent on Earth attracts researchers, pioneers, and even lovers of conspiracy theories. Antarctic research clearly shows that science is being created before our eyes. Amazing discoveries impress not only ordinary people but also prominent scientists: a “bloody” waterfall, a meteorite from Mars, fossils, and even a huge lake that has been floating in the ice for thousands of years.

Meteorite from Mars with traces of life

A meteorite from Mars we know as Alan Hills 84001 was found on the Alan Hills of Antarctica on December 27, 1984. This finding has caused widespread public resonance due to the fact that fossil microscopic structures were found on the surface of the meteorite that could be bacteria.

The question of the alien origin of the bacteria is still open, but it is favored that the size of the found structures is 20-100 nanometers in diameter, much smaller than any form of cell life we ​​know of.

The uniqueness of ALH 84001 is also in the fact that, according to research, it broke away from its planet 4 billion years ago, when there was still liquid water there.

Lake under four kilometers of ice

One of the greatest geographical discoveries of the twentieth century is the subglacial Lake Vostok, which was discovered in Antarctica. Most surprising about the discovery is that it is hidden under a layer of ice 4 kilometers thick. Scientists believe the lake has been cut off by glaciers from the outside world for several million years.

The size of Vostok is incredible: the total area of ​​the lake is about 16,000 square kilometers, and the depth can reach 1,200 meters. It probably remains frozen due to underground geothermal sources.

Burnt forest

The fact that Antarctica was once a green continent is known to scientists. But more recently, scientists have found petrified remains of burnt forests throughout Antarctica. This poses a new challenge for scientists: “Find out what happened to the forests.”

Studies of the fossils have shown serious fire damage, suggesting that ancient forests were destroyed some 250 million years ago as a result of a massive fire, which in turn may be caused by meteorite or volcanic activity.

91 volcano under ice

Recently, scientists have discovered in the Antarctic, volcanoes hidden under the ice. How many of them are active – remains a mystery, because they are hidden under a glacier, the thickness of which in some places reaches 2 km. The region was surveyed using radar and other special equipment and 91 volcanoes were discovered.

Bloody waterfall

Can you imagine what Griffith Taylor experienced when he first discovered the Bloody Falls in 1911? The red stream coming out of the snow-white glacier frightened everyone. In fact, algae, which are miraculously preserved in the glacier, give the water its red color.

Antarctic dinosaurs

Scientists found the first remains of Antarctic dinosaurs in 1986, and in 2006 they were able to replicate the finding. But in 2016, the James Ross Island expedition had an unprecedented success: more than a ton of dinosaur remains were found in total.Once remains are in active operation. Some of the samples are over 71 million years old.

Mystification and counterfeiting
Antarctic Pyramids

Since 2013, numerous reports have surfaced online, stating that Antarctic scientists have found a copy of Egyptian pyramids with the same parameters and layout. Photographs of one of the pyramids and its satellite images were given as evidence.

The “pyramid” of photography and satellite is one of the mountains of the Vinson Mountains, which has a bizarre shape because of its structure and weather conditions. Alien Disclosure Group member Steven Hanard was responsible for this false news.

Elongated skull

Another “shocking news” that caused a lot of noise was the discovery of strangely elongated Antarctic skulls, which reportedly indicate the presence of another civilization. In evidence are various photographs of skulls, which are actually museum exhibits showing the artificial deformation of skulls, which was widespread in ancient times.

UFO landing

People with Google Maps and plenty of free time recently discovered a strange object in Antarctica, located at 54 ° 39’44.62 “and 36 ° 11’42.47” coordinates, and posted on social networks and YouTube that it was a UFO landing. Scientists say it is a snowball or a piece of ice rolling down the mountain.

The glacial Lake Vilans has been cut off from the outside world for millions of years but scientists have discovered Archaea microbes that thrive here.

An ecosystem at the height of its development exists about one and a half kilometers under the ice of Antarctica in a lake that has been cut off from the outside world for millions of years – scientists say.

It is home to micro-organisms that produce energy for the growth of ammonia and methane.

Many belong to the primitive extended family of microbes other than bacteria called Archaea.

Leading scientist, prof. John Prescott, of Montana State University in the United States, said: “We were able to prove that the Antarctic world is not a dead continent!”

The research, published in the journal Nature, is the first direct evidence that life can be found deep under Antarctic ice.

The drilling team broke half a mile through the ice to reach the sub-glacial Lake Vilans in January last year.

Archaea forms one of the three “domains” of life on Earth, the other two being bacteria and eukaryotes – organisms whose DNA is contained in cell nuclei – so do humans.

Many of the sub-glacial arches have survived using the chemical energy of ammonium to initiate metabolic processes, research shows.

Another group of microorganisms relies on energy and methane locked in carbon.

The microbes originate from Lake Vilans and are not represented by contaminated equipment, scientists insist.

“We have gone to great extremes to make sure that we do not contaminate one of the most flawless environments on our planet while at the same time ensuring that our specimens are of the highest integrity,” prof. Look.

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